Semester - I
MS - 101 –Quantum Mechanics
Application of Schrodinger wave equation: Schrodinger wave equation, Continuity equation and probabilistic interpretation, Uncertainty principle, Concept of Eigen value. Effect of the confinement of the particle in a box, Potential step, Potential barrier, Tunnel effect, Periodic potential, Discussion on bound states, Degeneracy of states.
Hermite and Laguerre polynomials, Linear harmonic oscillator, Spherically symmetric potentials in three dimensions, Separation of wave equation, Rigid rotator, The hydrogen atom, Atomic orbitals.
Angular Momentum: Rotation operators, Angular momentum operators, Commutation rules, Eigenvalues of angular momentum operator, Matrix representations, Addition of two angular momenta, Clebsch-Gordon coefficients.
Scattering Theory: Centre of mass and Laboratory systems, Scattering amplitude and cross sections, Scattering of a wave packet, Born approximation, Validity, Partial wave analysis, Phase shifts.
- L. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics, Mc Graw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1996.
- K. .Ziock, Basic Quantum Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1969.
- Sathyaprakash, Quantum Mechanics, Kedarnath Ramnath & Co., Meerut, 1994.
- Chatwal and Anand, Quantum Mechanics, Himalaya Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993.
- P.M.Mathews and K.Venkatesan, A Text book of Quantum mechanics, Tata Mc Graw-Hill, New Delhi, 1977.
- J.J.Sakurai, Modern Quantum Mechanics, Addison Wesley, Tokyo, 1994.
- E.Merzbacher, Quantum Mechanics, Wiley International, New York, 1970.
- A.K.Chandra, Introductory Quantum Chemistry, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1983.
MS - 102 – Crystallography and Diffraction Techniques
Symmetry elements and Symmetry operations, Classification of molecules based on symmetry, Point group and space group
Crystal structure- Primitive lattice cell, Fundamental type of lattices, Crystal systems, Close packing in crystals, Lattice planes, Miller indices of planes and directions, Bragg's Law, Reciprocal lattice, Ewald sphere, Atomic scattering factor, Structure factor,
X-ray Diffraction- Powder, Laue and Rotation methods, Electron diffraction, Neutron diffraction and Synchrotron powder diffraction
- J.A.K .Tareen, & T.R.N. Kutty, , A basic course in crystallography, University Press, 2001.
- O N Srivastava A R Verma, Crystallography Applied To Solid State Physics 2e, New Age International (p) Limited, 2008
- A. R West, Solid State Chemistry & Its Applications, John Wiley & Sons Inc (sea) Pte Ltd
- G.H. Stout, L. Jensen, X-ray structure determination, A Practical Guide, Macmillan, Newyork,1989.
- B.D Cullilty,. Elements of X-ray diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA,1978.
- R.A. Young, The Rietveld method, IUCR-Oxford University Press, 1995.
- L.V. Azaroff, Elements of X-ray crystallography, McGraw-Hill,NY,1968.
MS - 103 – Materials: Introduction, Synthesis and Processing
Introduction to material science, Types of materials-Metals and alloy, Ceramics, Composites and Nano-materials.
Diffusion: Laws of diffusion, Types of diffusion, Fick's law, Diffusion in ionic solids, Role of diffusion in solid state reactions and sintering.
Ceramic powder synthetic methods: Solid state reaction method, Chemical method, Coprecipitation, Spray drying, Freeze drying, Sol-gel method, Hydrothermal, Combustion and Microwave synthesis.
Synthesis and stabilization of nanoparticles: Chemical reduction, Reactions in micelles, Emulsions and dendrimers, Photochemical and radiation chemical reduction, Cryochemical synthesis, Sonochemical methods and Physical methods.
Synthetic techniques for carbon nanomaterials: Chemical vapor deposition (CVD), Laser ablation, Arc-discharge, Ball-milling, Thermal decomposition, High-pressure CO disproportionation process (HiPCO Process) and Plasma based synthesis.
Thin film preparation methods: Physical vapor deposition, Self-assembly, Electrochemical deposition, Sol-gel film and Langmuir-Blodgett films.
- V. Raghavan, Materials Science And Engineering: A First Course, Prentice-hall India Pvt. Ltd.
- W. D. Callister, Materials Science And Engineering: An Introduction, 7th Ed, Wiley India
- W.O. Gonzalez -. Vinas, Hector L. Mancini, An Introduction To Materials Science, Princeton University Press, 2004
- C.N.R. Rao, P. John Thomas, G.U. Kulkarni, Nanocrystals:: Synthesis, Properties and Applications, Springer, 2011
MS - 104 – Data Analysis and Computational Techniques
System of Equations: Roots of equations, Methods of bisection and false position, Newton-Raphson method, Solution of simultaneous linear algebraic equations, Gauss elimination, Gauss Jordan methods, Matrix inversion and LU decomposition methods, Gauss-Seidel iterative method, Eigenvalues of matrices, Power method and Jacobi's method.
Interpolation and Curve Fitting and Error Analysis: Newton's forward and backward interpolation formulae, Lagrange's method, Lagrange's inverse interpolation, Curve fitting, principle of least squares.
Numerical Differentiation and Integration: Newton's forward and backward difference formulae, Numerical integration, Trapezoidal rule and Simpson's rule, Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, Taylor series, Euler's method, Improved and modified methods, Runge-Kutta methods, Milne's predictor-corrector method.
Probability, Statistics and Error Analysis: Probability concepts, Binomial, Poisson, Exponential and normal distribution, Tests of hypothesis (small and large samples) based on student's 't' and chi-square distribution, Testing goodness of fit, Error analysis, Accuracy and precision, Significant figures.
- M.K.Venkatraman, "Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering", National Publishing Company, Madras, 1996
- S.S.Sastry, "Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis", Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1992.
- E. Walpole, R.M Myers, S.L. Myers and K. Ye, "Probability & Statistics for Engineers and Scientists", Pearson Education, 2002.
- B.S.Grewal, Numerical Methods in Engineering and Science, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2006.
MS-L1: Material Science Lab – I
Semester – II
MS – 201- Group Theory and Spectroscopy:
Definition of group, representation of group and cyclic group, the great orthogonality theorem, reducible and irreducible representation, transformation of coordinate matrices, matrix representation of symmetry operation, character table, direct sum, direct product, projection operator and its properties.
Electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter, natural line width and broadening, electronic structures of free atoms and ions, splitting of levels and terms in chemical environment, construction of energy level diagram, relation of energy level diagrams to spectral properties, selection rules and polarization in electronic transitions, vibronic transitions, Franck-Condon principle, electronic spectra of polyatomic molecules, emission spectra, radiative and non-radiative decay. Classical description of molecular vibrations, symmetry of normal vibrations, determination of symmetries of the normal modes, use of internal coordinates to normal modes, selection rules for fundamental vibrational (infrared and Raman) transitions with illustrative examples, mutual exclusion principle, Fermi resonance, site symmetry approximation, correlation field approximation.
- J. L. Mchale, Molecular Spectroscopy, Dorling Kindersley (india) Pvt Ltd, 2008
- Banwell, Fundamentals Of Molecular Spectroscopy, Tata Magraw Hill, 2008
- H. Friebolin, Basic One- and Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy, Wiley-VCH Verlag GMBH Co., 2011
- T. E. Cranshaw, B. W. Dale, G. O. Longworth and C. E. Johnson, Mössbauer Spectroscopy and its Applications, Cambridge University Press, 1986
- R. L. Carter, Molecular Symmetry and Group Theory, Wiley, 1997
MS - 202 –Physics of Solid State Materials
Bonding and Lattice Dynamics: Types of bonding, Lattice energy, Madelung constants, Vibration of crystal with monoatomic and diatomic lattices, Quantization of elastic waves, Phonon momentum, Inelastic scattering by phonons, Harmonic approximation, Phonon frequencies and density of states, Einstein and Debye theories of lattice energies and phonon dispersion curves, Anharmonic effects, Thermal expansion, Thermal conductivity.
Free Electron Theory: Energy level in one dimension, Free electron gas in three dimension, Heat Capacity and electron gas, Experimental heat capacity of metals, Electrical conductivity and Ohms law, Experimental electrical resistively of metals, Motion of electron in magnetic field, Hall effect.
Periodic Potential and Energy Band: Nearly free electron model, Bloch function, Kronig Penny model, Formation of energy bands and gaps, Brillouin zones and boundaries, Effective mass of electrons and concept of holes, Wave equation of electron in Periodic potential, Number of orbital in a band, Classifications into insulators, conductors, semiconductors and semimetals.
- W. Neil Ashcroft, Solid State Physics, Cengage Learning ( Thompson ), 2008
- C. Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, Wiley 7th edition, 1996.
- V. Keer, Principles of solid state physics, Wiley - Eastern, 1993.
- J. Patterson, Bernard Bailey, Solid-State Physics: Introduction to the Theory, Springer; 2nd ed. Edition, 2011
MS - 203 -Characterization Techniques for Materials:
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Atomic force microscopy (AFM), Thermo gravimetry analysis (TGA), Differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Raman spectroscopy, UV/Vis/Nir and FTIR spectroscopy.
- P. K. Ghosh, Introduction to Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Chemical Analysis Vol. 67) Wiley Interscience, 1983
- J. F. Watts, John Wolstenholme, An Introduction to Surface Analysis by XPS and AES, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2003
- R. Egerton, Physical Principles Of Electron Microscopy: An Introduction To TEM, SEM, And AEM; Springer, 2005
- D. B. Williams, C. Barry Carter, Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook For Materials Science, Springer, 2009
- P. R. Buseck, John M. Cowley, Leroy Eyring, High-resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy: And Associated Techniques, Oxford University Press, 1989
- Günther Höhne, Wolfgang F. Hemminger and H.-J. Flammersheim, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, 2nd ed., Springer 2003
- Ewen Smith , Geoffrey Dent, Modern Raman Spectroscopy: A Practical Approach, 1st edition, Wiley 2005
- Edgar Bright Wilson, J. C. Decius and Paul C. Cross, Molecular Vibrations: The Theory of Infrared and Raman Vibrational Spectra, Dover Publications 1980
MS – 204- Thermodynamics and Phase Transformations
Statistical Thermodynamics: Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies, Thermodynamic reactions, Euler equation, Maxwell's relations and applications, Gibbs phase rule, Phase equilibrium (single and multicomponent systems, Clausius-Clayperon equation, Law of mass action, First order phase transition in single component systems.
Microcanonical, Canonical and grand canonical ensembles, Maxwell, Boltzmann, Bose- Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics, Comparison of MB, BE and FD statistics.
Phase Transformations: Classification, Nucleation, Growth models, Landau theory, Types of phase changes, Diffusion in solids, Nucleation and growth, Solidification, Pearlitic transformations, Martensitic transitions, Phase rule, Interpretation of phase diagrams, Binary and ternary Phase diagrams, Microstructural development, Heat treatment and kinetics of phase transformations, Phase transitions, Invariant reactions, Eutectic, Eutectoid, Peritectic and pertectoid reactions, Free energy composition curves, Iron-iron carbide phase diagram.
- M.C.Gupta, Statistical Thermodynamics, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1993
- B.K.Agarwal and Melvin Eisner, Statistical Mechanics by, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi –1988
- H. B.Callen Thermodynamics by , John Wiley and Sons, New York 1960
- Y.V.C. Rao, Introduction To Thermodynamics, An (second Edition), Universities Press, 2003
- V. Raghavan, Solid State Phase Transformations, Prentice-hall of India Pvt Ltd, 2008
MS-L2: Material Science Lab – II
Semester - III
MS - 301 – Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials and Corrosion
Electronic Properties: Semiconductors, Direct and indirect gaps, Carrier statistics (intrinsic and extrinsic), Law of mass action and chemical potential of semiconductors, Electrical conductivity and its temperature variation, III-V and II–VI compound semiconductors.
Magnetic Properties: Classification, Dia, Para, Ferro, Antiferro and Ferrimagnetism, Langevin and Weiss theories, Quantum theory of diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Hund rule, Crystal field splitting, Exchange interaction, Magnetic aniostrophy, Magnetic domains, Magnetic order, Molecular theory, Hysterisis, Hard and soft magnetic materials, Ferrite structure, Magnons.
Superconductivity, Meissner effect, Type I and Type II superconductors, Heat capacity, London equation and penetration of magnetic field, Cooper pairs and BCS ground state.
Corrosion: Corrosion and its economical aspects, Aqueous corrosion process, Electrochemical kinetics of corrosion, Cathodic and anodic behavior, Tafel equations, Evans diagram, Thermodynamics of corrosion, Pourbaix diagrams, Prevention of corrosion, Material selection and design, Surface coating, Cathodic and anodic protection.
- P. Robert, Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Materials, Artech House Publishers, 1988
- D. Jile, Introduction To Magnetism And Magnetic Materials, Chapman & Hall, 1990
- C. Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, Wiley 7th edition, 1996.
- D.R.Tilley and J.Tilley, Superfludity and superconductivity, 3rd Edition, Hilger,1990.
- D.C. Washington, E. McCafferty, Introduction to Corrosion Science, Springer Netherlands, 2009
MS -302 -Advanced Materials
Smart Materials: Synthesis of smart materials, Types of smart materials, Micro sensors, Hybrid smart materials, Electro-Rheological (Fluids) smart materials, Piezoelectric smart materials, Oxides for nuclear reactors.
Shape Memory Alloys: Synthesis, Types of shape memory alloys, Nickel-Titanium alloy (Nitinol), Cu based alloys, Chiral materials, Applications, Fastners, Fibers, Reaction vessels, Nuclear reactors, Chemical plants, Satellite antenna, Blood clot filter, Plastics.
Laser and Optical Fibers: Operation of lasers, Population inversion, Types of lasers, Gas lasers, He-Ne laser, Carbondioxide gas laser, Nitrogen gas laser, Argon ion gas laser, Solid state lasers, Ruby laser, Nd-YAG laser, Semiconductor lasers, Application of lasers in communication with optical fibers.
Biomaterials: Biocompatibility, Bone composition and properties, Hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate biomaterials, Bioceramics, Bioglasses and biocompatible ploymer materials.
- S. V. Bhat, Sujata V. Bhat, S. V. Bhat, Biomaterials, Springer Netherlands, 2002
- J. B. Park Roderic S. Lakes, Biomaterials : An Introduction, Plenum Publishers, 1992
- J. B. Park, J. D. Bronzino, Park B. Park, Biomaterials: Principles And Applications, Crc Press, 2002
- K. Thyagarajan, Ajoy Ghatak Lasers:Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, 2010
- Z. L. Wang and Z. C. Kang, Functional and Smart Materials Structural Evolution and Structure Analysis, Plenum Press, 1998
- M. Schwartz, Smart Materials, CRC Press,2008
MS -303 – Ceramic, Composite and Polymers
Ceramics: Die processing, Injection molding, Doctor blade processing, Spark plasma sintering, Type of ceramics. Oxides (Zirconia, Alumina, Silica, Magnesia, Titania, Mullite), Carbides (Silicon carbide, Boron carbide, Tungsten carbide, Titanium carbide), Nitrides (Silicon nitride, Boron nitride, Titanium nitride, Borides, Silicides, Sialon, Barium titanate), Properties of ceramics.
Composites: Types of composite materials and its advantages, Concept of load transfer, Reinforcements (glass, boron, carbon, organic and ceramic fibers, their structure and properties), Matrix materials (polymer, metal and ceramic matrices, their structure and properties), Polymer matrix composites, Metal matrix composites and Ceramic matrix composites.
Polymers: Monomers, Chemical structure, Configuration, Conformation, Classification of polymers, Polymerization mechanism- Chain growth (anionic, cationic, insertion, free radical and copolymerizations) and Step growth (polycondensations & polyadditions and biological polymerizations)
- M. Barsoum, Fundamentals of Ceramics, Mcgraw-hill Inc, 2001
- W. D. Kingery, H. K. Bowen, Uhlmann Dr Introduction To Ceramics, John Wiley & Sons Inc (sea) Pte Ltd, 2006
- D.Hull & T.W.Clyne, An Introduction to composite materials, Cambridge University Press, 1996.
- K.K.Chawla, Composite Materials, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987.
- R.M.Jones, Mechanics of Composite Materials, McGraw Hill Co., 1975.
- G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, Wiley-Interscience, 4th edition
- B. Vollmert, Polymer Chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin
- V.R. Gowariker, N.V. Viswanathan & Jayadev Sreedhar, Polymer Science, Halsted Press, John Wiley & Sons, New York
- R.B. Seymour, C.E. Carraher & E. Charles Polymer Chemistry An Introduction, Marcel Dekker, New York
MS - 304 –Dielectric, Mechanical and Optical Properties of Materials
Dielectric Properties: Dielectric constant and polarizability, Different kinds of polarization, Internal electric field in a dielectric, Clausius-Mossatti equation, Onsager equation, Dielectric in an ac field, Dielectric loss, Havriliak-Nigami's equation for dielectric relaxation, Ferroelectric, Types and models of ferroelectric transition, Electrets and their applications, Piezoelectric and pyroelectric materials.
Mechanical properties: Mechanical tests, Stress and strain, Tensile, Shear, Hardness, Impact testing, Creep and fatigue, Plastic deformation by slip, Shear strength, Work hardening and recovery, Fracture, Griffith's theory, Slip and twinning, Creep resistant materials.
Optical Properties: Reflection, refraction, Absorption and transmission of electromagnetic radiation in solids, Optical absorption in insulators, semiconductors and metals, Band to band absorption, Luminescence, Photoconductivity. Injection luminescence, LED materials.
- V.Raghavan, Materials Science and Engineering, Prentice Hall,2003.
- C. Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, Wiley 7th edition, 1996.
- K.V.Keer, Principles of solid state physics, Wiley - Eastern, 1993.
- C.R.M.Grovenor, Adam Hilger, Microelectronic Materials Bristol and Philadelphia,1989.
- N. E. Hill, W. E. Vaughan, A. H. Price and M. Davices, Dielectric Properties and Molecular Behaviour, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., London, 1969.
- A. R. Von Hippel, Dielectric Material and Application, The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1961.
MS-L3: Material Science Lab – III
MS- P1: Project- I
Semester - IV
MS - 401 – Multifunctional Materials and Devices
Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials and devices, Magnetoelastic materials, Magnetoelectric coupling, Ferroelectric random access memories (FeRAMs), Magnetic random access memories (MRAMs), Magnetic sensors.
Spintronics, Spin transport electronics, Ferromagnetic semiconductors, Dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS), Semimagnetic semiconductors, Spin-spin interactions and spin relaxation, Spin injection, Spintronics devices.
- S. Bandyopadhyay, Marc Cahay, An Introduction To Spintronics, Taylor & Francis, 2008
- Y. B. Xu, S. M. Thompson, Spintronic Materials and Technology (series In Materials Science And Engineering), Taylor & Francis Group, 2006
- J. F. Scott, J. F. Scott, Ferroelectric Memories, Springer, 2000
- H. Ishiwara, Masanori Okuyama, Ferroelectric Random Access Memories: Fundamentals And Applications, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004
- R. Ramesh, Thin Film Ferroelectric Materials And Devices, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997
MS - 402 – Nanomaterials and Carbon Nanostructure
Emergence of nanotechnology, Historical background, System classification confined to one, two or three dimensions and their effect on properties, Bottom-up and top-down approaches.
Quantum dots: Quantum confinement, Excitons and excitonic Bohr radius-difference between nanoparticles and quantum dots, Colloidal quantum dots, Correlation of properties with size.
Nanoporous materials: Introduction, Mesoporous materials, Formation mechanism, Synthesis strategy, Differences with traditional zeolites, Ordered mesoporous solids, Disordered nanoporous solids, Composition, Functionalization, Pore size and Macroporous materials.
Fullerene and Carbon nanotubes: Buckminsterfullerene, Nomenclature and terminology, Structure, Solubility, Aromaticity and other properties, Purification methods, Endohedral & Exohedral chemistry, Allotropes of carbon, Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), Types of CNTs (singlewalled-, doublewalled- multiwalled and thin-multiwalled CNTs), Structure and properties, Purification techniques and functionalization (covalent & noncovalent) of CNTs.
Nanotechnology applications: Biological application of nanoparticles, Catalysis by gold nanoparticles, Light emitting semiconducting quantum dots, Fullerenes for molecular container, catalysts for hydrogenation and photovoltaic, CNTs for hydrogen storage, field emitters, nanoprobes and sensors.
- Y. Gogotsi, Carbon Nanomaterials, Crc Press, 2006
- A.S Edelstein, Nanomaterials Synthesis, properties and applications, IOP Publishing, UK
- A.S Edelstein, "Nanomaterials Synthesis, properties and applications", IOP Publishing, UK, 1996.
- H. S. Nalwa, "Nanostructured materials and nanotechnology'', Academic Press, USA, 2002.
MS –403 -Liquid Crystal Materials for Displays
Liquid crystals: Various meso phases, Theory of various phase transitions, Dielectric theory of nematic (Meir & Mier) and its extension to smectic mesophases, Ferro and anti ferro electric liquid crystals, Polymer dispersed liquid crystals.
Application of liquid crystals in displays: Twisted and super twisted nematic displays (TN & STN), Ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystal displays (FLCDs and AFLCDs), Comparison of LCDs with PDPs and OLEDs.
- S. Chandrashekhar, Liquid Crystals (II Edition), Cambridge University Press, 1992,
- P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, Oxford Science Publication
- D. Demus, J. W. Goodby, G. W. Gray, H. W. Spiess, V. Vill; Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals, Wiley-Vch
- S. T. Lagerwall, Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals, Wiley-Vch
- P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost , The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993.
- S. Kumar, Chemistry of Discotic Liquid Crystals: From Monomers to Polymers (Liquid Crystals Book Series), CRC Press; 1 edition (December 10, 2010)
- E. Lueder, Liquid Crystal Displays: Addressing Schemes and Electro-Optical Effects (Wiley Series in Display Technology) Wiley; 2 edition (April 26, 2010).
- Sri Singh, Liquid Crystals: Fundamentals, World Scientific Publishing Company; 1st edition (July 15, 2002)
- P. J. Collings, Liquid Crystals: Nature's Delicate Phase of Matter, 2nd ed., Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, 2002.
- D. Demus, J. W. Goodby, G. W. Gray, H. W. Spiess, V. Vill; Physical Properties of liquid Crystals, Wiley-VCH, 1999.
MS - 404 - Magneto Resistive and Battery Materials
Magnetoresistance and Devices: Origin of magetoresistance (MR), Types of magnetoresistance, Colossal magneto resistance (CMR) and giant magnetoresistance (GMR) materials, Crystal structure, synthesis and fabrication techniques, Single crystal, Polycrystalline and thin films using pulsed electron deposition (PED), Pulsed laser deposition (PLD), Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), Magnetic-electronic-electrical and magnetoresistance, GMR spin valves and tunneling magnetoresistance based devices and its uses in sensors and memory applications.
Battery Materials: Basic battery construction, Li ion Li polymer, Lead acid-alkaline, Ni-metal hydride batteries, Operation of primary and secondary Li ion batteries, Cathode and anode electrode materials and fabrication, Characterizations, Phase study, Electronic structure, Cyclic voltammetry and charge discharge studies, Li ion battery applications in electronic devices and electric vehicles.
- Y. Tokura, Colossal Magnetoresistive Oxides (advances In Condensed Matter Science, Volume 2), Crc Press, 2000
- N. Tsuda, Atsushi Fujimori, N. Tsuda; Electronic Conduction In Oxides, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001
- U. Hartmann, U. Hartmann, U. Hartmann, Magnetic Multilayers And Giant Magnetoresistance: Fundamentals And Industrial Applications, Springer, 2000
- A. B. Pippard, A. B. Pippard, Magnetoresistance In Metals, 2010
- J. C. Mallinson, Magneto-resistive And Spin Valve Heads, Second Edition: Fundamentals And Applications (electromagnetism), Academic Press, 2001
- K. Ozawa, Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technology, And New Applications, Wiley-vch Verlag Gmbh, 2009
- W. V. Schalkwijk, Walter Van Schalkwijk, B. Scrosati, Advances In Lithium-ion Batteries, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002
- M. Yoshio, Ralph J. Brodd, Akiya Kozawa, Lithium-ion Batteries: Science And Technologies, Springer, 2009
MS – P2: Project-II