National Centre of Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology
The National Centre of Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology (NCEMP) is an Institute of University of Allahabad. This institute is a Research Institute and was established for the advancement of high-pressure-temperature research in India. The research facilities like Multi-anvil High P-T equipment and Piston cylinder apparatus are unique in India. The High pressure lab has apparata capable of reproducing and maintaining for many hours the conditions where petrological processes occur, ranging from the surface of the earth to depths of about 750 kilometers. In high-pressure lab pressures ranging from 1 atm to 25 GPa and temperatures ranging from few hundred to 2000 degree centigrades could be achieved.
This lab has Walker type Multi-Anvil High Pressure Apparatus (from Rockland Research, USA), Piston cylinder apparatus, and Hydrothermal apparatus for studying the earth from crust to full upper mantle. This lab also has different types of furnaces (for achieving temperatures up-to 1700 degree centigrades) for sample preparation and melting of silicates and oxides.
For analytical study of the very small samples produced by High-pressure-temperature studies the institute also has analytical facilities like Electron Probe Micro Analyser, Poweder XRD, and polarizing geological microscopes.
Presently Prof. S. D. Dixit is the Director of this institute. Previous directors of this institute were Prof. Alok K. Gupta, Prof. S. G. Prakash, Prof. S. D. Dixit and Prof. Somnath Dasgupta.